Endangered animals and vegetations
The International Union of Conservation of Nature has recently issued a list of endangered species. The list included 11916 kinds including familiar species like the wide bear, hippopotamus, gazelle, sharks and fresh water fishes. Positive endeavors have saved the middle-tailed white falcon and the Indian Vulture. Recently, 784 species have been declared officially extinct; the endangered species include one third of amphibians, quarter of coniferous trees and many mammals and birds.
“The list observes the increasing loss of biological diversity which can’t be saved by environmental activists only, it’s everyone’s responsibility” said Achim Steiner IUCN general manager. The polar bear, for instance, is victimized by global warming for it depends on icebergs to hunt seals. 30% of total polar bears numbers are expected to be lost in the next 45 years.
On the other hand, the desert is gradually losing its biological diversity due to the arbitrary and uncontrolled hunting. The Dama has become an endangered species after the Oryx; the numbers of the Asia Gazelle (Reem) are decreasing as well as the Asian tigers.
The vegetation is in equal danger; plants like pyrethrum and borage have become endangered due to deforestation, excessive exploitation of natural resources and environmental pollution.
Extinct of species
The numbers of endangered animals and vegetations in Switzerland have reached alarming levels more than any other country in Europe. In facing such challenge, the Swiss government in cooperation with international organizations is carrying out new strategies to secure the biological diversity and the adaptation with different environmental changes.
2010: the year of biological diversity
The unawareness of the importance of biological diversity in the past has led to the poverty and uselessness of launching harmonious and coordinated projects. Few are aware of the long-termed environmental damage resulted from the extinct of species. The UN has identifies the year 2010 as the international year of biological diversity where endeavors are to be condensed and united to raise people’s awareness of the consequences emanated from the loss of diversity. For this purpose to be fulfilled, special and dedicated enterprises and workshops are to be carried out worldwide.
Translated from an article by Eng. Roland Shoulder.IUCN